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Argumentation schemes


Nature of Argumentation schemes

Macagno, F., Walton, D. & Reed, C. (2017). Argumentation Schemes. History, Classifications, and Computational Applications.. Journal of Logics and their Applications 4(8): 2493-2556.

Macagno, F. & Walton, D. (2014). Argumentation schemes and topical relations. In G. Gobber, and A. Rocci (eds.), Language, reason and education (pp. 185-216). Bern: Peter Lang.

Walton D., Macagno F. (2009). Enthymemes, Argumentation Schemes, and Topics. Logique et Analyse 205: 39-56

Macagno F, Walton D. (2005) Common Knowledge and Argumentation Schemes. Studies in Communication Sciences 5/2:  1-22.

Walton, D., Macagno, F. (2006). Argumentative Reasoning Patterns. Proceedings of the ECAI (Università di Trento, Riva del Garda, 28 August – 2 September)


Classification of schemes

Macagno, F., & Douglas, W. (2015). Classifying the patterns of natural arguments. Philosophy & Rhetoric 48(1): 26-53.

Walton, D., & Macagno, F. (2015). A Classification System for Argumentation Schemes. Argument and Computation 6 (3): 219-245

Macagno, F. (2015). A means-end classification of argumentation schemes. In F. van Eemeren and B. Garssen, Reflections on theoretical issues in argumentation theory (pp. 183-201). Cham: Springer.


Practical Reasoning

Macagno, F. & Walton, D. (2018). Practical reasoning arguments: a modular approach. Argumentation Online first



Macagno, F. (2017). The logical and pragmatic structure of arguments from analogy. Logique et Analyse 240: 465-490.

Macagno, F., Walton, D., & Tindale, C. W. (2017). Analogical Arguments: Inferential Structures and Defeasibility Conditions. Argumentation 31: 221–243.

Macagno, F., Walton, D., & Tindale, C. W. (2014). Analogical Reasoning and Semantic Rules of Inference. Revue internationale de philosophie 270(4): 419-432.

Macagno F., Walton D. (2009). Argument from Analogy in Law, the Classical Tradition, and Recent Theories. Philosophy and Rhetoric 42 (2): 154-182.

Macagno, F. (2014). Analogy and Redefinition. In H. J. Ribeiro (ed.), Systematic Approaches to Argument by Analogy (pp. 73-90). Cham: Springer


Definitions and Persuasive Definitions

Macagno, F. (2016). Defining Marriage: Classification, Interpretation, and Definitional Disputes. Informal Logic, 36 (3):  309-332

Walton, D., & Macagno, F. (2015). The Importance and Trickiness of Definition Strategies in Legal and Political Argumentation. Journal of Politics and Law 8(1): 137-148

Macagno, F. (2012). Classifying the Properties of Life. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics 29(4): 627-629

Walton, D. & Macagno, F. (2010). Defeasible Classifications and Inferences from Definitions. Informal Logic 30: 34-61

Macagno F., Walton D. (2010). What we hide in words: emotive words and persuasive definitions. Journal of Pragmatics 42: 1997-2013

Macagno F. (2009). The Dialectical-Dialogical Definition. L'analisi linguistica e letteraria XVI Special Issue 1: 443-461

Walton D., Macagno F. (2009). Reasoning from Classification and Definition. Argumentation 23: 81-107

Walton D., Macagno F. (2009). Classification and Ambiguity: the Role of Definition in a Conceptual System. Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 16 (29): 1-20

Macagno F., Walton, D. (2008). The argumentative structure of persuasive definitions. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11(5): 525-549

Macagno, F., Walton, D. (2008). Persuasive Definitions: Values, Meanings and Implicit Disagreements. Informal Logic 28(3): 203-228


Dichotomies and Redefinitions

Macagno, F. & Walton, D. (2011). Reasoning from Paradigms and Negative Evidence. Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (1): 92-116.


Arguments from sources and ad hominem

Macagno, F. (2013). Strategies of character attack. Argumentation 27(4): 369-401.

Macagno F., Walton D. (2007). The Fallaciousness of Threats: Character and Ad Baculum. Argumentation 28(3): 203-228.